XaaydaGa Waadluxan Naay Council of the Haida Nation
Haida people have occupied Haida Gwaii since time immemorial. Haida traditional territory encompasses parts of southern Alaska, the archipelago of Haida Gwaii and its surrounding waters. Haida pre-contact population was in the tens of thousands in several dozen towns dispersed throughout the islands. During the time of contact, Haida population fell to about 600 due to introduced disease including measles, typhoid and smallpox. Today, Haida people make up over half of the 4200 people living on the islands.
Haida reside throughout the islands but are concentrated in two main centres, Gaw Tlagee Old Massett at the north end of Graham Island and HlGaagilda Skidegate at the south end. Besides these two communities, there are 2000 more Haida scattered throughout the world. T'agaa Vancouver, 770 km south of Haida Gwaii, has a large population as does Kxeen Prince Rupert which is 100 km east across Hecate Strait.
The Haida Nation collectively holds Hereditary and Aboriginal Title and Rights to Haida Territories and the cultural and intellectual property rights of the Haida Nation.